Education and learning are the building blocks of a successful career and open doors of opportunities. To thrive in this competitive world where there is too much emphasis on getting degrees because that is the only doorway to succeed.
A lot of emphasis is put on the quality of education and rightly so because mostly education level is the main determiner of the success one will achieve in their life. Despite all this the current state of education is not deemed fit or say satisfactory on many levels.
Every country focuses a lot on the quality of education provided at their public schools, colleges, and universities. And quite often the quality of teaching is scrutinized. A lot of policies are made to improve the level of education and make it compatible to the demand of recent times.
Current Issues with Education that are Present in Almost Every Country
The real challenge that any education system faces are to keep up with the ever-evolving and fast paced changes occurring in the world due to frequent advancement in technology and thus the changes in the requirement of a different set of skills raises concern over what should be the prime focus of all the educational institutions.
Are the education provided by these institutions are up to the mark and preparing students to face the challenges that lies ahead on their way. Sadly, the answer is no and somehow even most prestigious institutions are failing to keep up with the recent trends let alone preparing the students for the challenges that lie ahead.
To mention a few of the major problems with school system that should be tackled as quickly as possible are listed below-
- The most concerned issue is that most of the teachers are unable to meet the required standards for current education. To solve this issue and fill the gap there is a requirement of conducting the teachers training program.
- Secondly, the next place where a child gets its educational requirement to be taken care of is their home. Undoubtedly the environment at home and the involvement of parents in the education of their children is very important.
But not all parents are equally educated and capable to get directly involved with the education of their children.
One might think here the issue is only with the less educated or the uneducated parents but this is far from the truth, even well-educated parents are unable to devote time to teach their kids due to lack of time and the hustle of the urban life.
This leads to an extra burden on the schools if for any reasons a child is lagging behind with its peers. But at the same time teachers should not assign compulsory homework to the child
- Though much emphasis is put on more personalized education to be available for each and every child this seems hard to achieve because of the over-crowded classrooms the gap between the student-teacher ratio is higher. And it’s next to impossible to effectively educate every child in an over-crowded classroom.
A Look at the Education System in Different Countries
By improving the quality of education any country can tackle the domestic issue of providing economic opportunity to its citizen. By tackling this issue any country can invigorate its economy.
But the fact is that how important is it to provide quality education and how it effects the economy is a notable debate that must be necessarily conducted without failing as the economy depends on it. So, having clarity on this one key issue will help in bringing in progressive policies that can help in achieving the desired results.
American Education System
The American education system is structured in primary and secondary education that are divided into 12 grades which means you will need 12 years to complete them and get your diploma or certificate on graduating from high school.
After that one can pursue higher education by enrolling in a college or university. The first level of the U.S. Higher Education System is undergraduate. After successful completion of the undergraduate students are awarded their graduate degree. It takes 4 years to complete the undergraduate course or a bachelor degree.
A graduate can now pursue for the second level of higher education that is post graduation and to gain admission in the graduate program you will need to first clear the graduate record examination (GRE). Whereas certain master’s program will require you to first clear specific tests, especially if you’re planning to go for a law school, business school or the medical school.
Graduate programs are taken by the students in the pursuit of a master’s degree and usually take one or two years to complete. And by the successful completion of these graduate programs you get your master’s degree and successfully complete the second level of your higher education.
The third level of higher education is a doctorate degree and in many graduate schools the master’s degree is the first step towards a doctorate degree. But in a few schools the students can directly prepare for doctorate without doing the master’s degree.
In addition to this the U.S. education system encourages a dynamic environment in their classrooms. Students are supposed to actively participate in the classroom discussion, share their opinions, give presentations.
Grades are primarily based on participations of students in class discussions, especially in seminar classes, a mid-term examination, one or more research or term papers, short exams or quizzes, and in the last a final examination.
Australian Education System
The Australian education system comprises school education that is primary, secondary, and senior secondary school after which you need to complete tertiary education. Tertiary education is both higher education and VET (vocational education and training).
The Australian education system is different from many countries by AQF (Australian qualification framework). Established in 1995, AQF is a national policy covering mainly the tertiary education sector.
AQF has 10 levels and it acts as a link between the school, vocational, and university education in one national system offering you the flexibility and easy movement from one level to the next and in-between institutions. This makes career planning easy.
Canada Education System
Canada has a provincially well-funded system of public education and there’s a possibility that some aspects of the Canadian education system may vary provincially. Though a high standard of education is maintained throughout the country.
The education system is primarily divided into –
Private and public education both are available at all three levels. The main language of education is English and French-language education is also available. The primary education is up to 8th grade. Secondary education is up to 12th grade but Ontario has a 12+ grade.
Canadian universities and colleges offer the best post-secondary education. They have internationally recognized university programs.
The UK Education System
The British education system follows a strict code of rules. The primary education is compulsory and all children in the age group of 5 to 16 must receive full-time education. For children below 5 years of age there are publicly-funded pre-schools.
The secondary education is available in both state or private schools. Children of age 5-16 are entitled to a free place at a state school. Though the private education sector is quite expensive. The state schools can be further classified in 4 groups- The community school that is run by the local authorities, foundation schools that have their own governing bodies, trust schools that are run by charitable trusts with an outside partner, and lastly there are religious or faith schools and these are voluntary schools.
Secondary education starts at the age of 11. Students study a broad range of 10-15 subjects in their secondary education. It takes 2 years to complete secondary school graduation. After secondary education students are required to take GCSE state examinations.
GCSE is a single subject examination and student usually take up to 10 GCSE examinations though there’s no upper or lower limit on how much exams any student can take. After this you can pursue higher education.
At the age of 16, the A-level examination is required for university entrance. Two years of study after the secondary education is required and at the end of the first year, students appear in AS level exams. In the second-year students continue with the 3 or 4 subjects and clear the A-level exams.
After this, students can pursue an undergraduate and postgraduate degree and a PhD.
Japan Education System
In Japan the education system consists of elementary school (6 years), junior high school (3 years), high school (3 years), followed by the junior college (3-4 years), and then university. It is compulsory for students to complete their education up to junior high school.
German Education System
The German education system is mainly divided into 5 levels – Early Childhood Education, Primary Education, Secondary Education, Tertiary Education, and Continuing Education.
The core mission is to enhance the communication and language skills of the children under the age of 3. Early childhood education prepares the children for primary education. Primary and secondary education is compulsory in Germany.
Children must complete 9-year full-time schooling at Gymnasium or 10 years of full-time schooling for other general education schools. After successfully completing the primary education children appear for the secondary education, which consists of 2 levels- the lower secondary level and the upper secondary level.
The tertiary or higher education is available after successful completion of secondary education. The tertiary education consists of a bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and PhD. Continuing education is basically adult education and lifelong learning.
French Education System
The French education system consists of primary school, middle school, and high school. Preschool/Nursery education is also available but it’s not compulsory. It prepares children for primary education.
Children attend primary education from 6 to 11 years of age. The primary education consists of 5 levels – CP, CE1, CE2, CM1, and CM2. Between age 11 and 15 student study in middle school and there are 4 levels in the middle school.
At the end of 4th level children must appear in the brevet. After clearing brevet student may leave the education system and they can now appear in High School.
There are three levels in High school. After clearing all these levels students may take higher education for which they need to prove that their understanding of the French language is at a level that enables them to understand the course afterwards.
How we can Improve Our Education System?
As education plays an important role in the development of any individual and nation, it’s required to do proper investments in this sector. Some necessary improvements are as follows-
- High-quality early childhood education should be made accessible for every child, especially those born in the lower socio-economic conditions.
- Teachers should be properly trained and supported. The better-quality teachers help students succeed.
- High quality secondary level education will ensure more students willing to pursue higher education after completing their secondary level education.
The Best Education System in the World
Education is one of those pillars on which the socio-economic growth of any country relies. But there is a remarkable difference in the quality of education available everywhere and not every country gives equal and required importance to their education system.
Here’s the list of the countries that have the best education system in the world–
- South Korea.
- Hong Kong.
- The United Kingdom.
- The Netherlands.
This list of best education providing countries was prepared by a British multinational publishing and education company, named Pearson. These countries are ranked on the criteria of quality of their primary, secondary and high school education, and their higher education and international schools.
In the end
To provide the kind of education that enables every child to explore their capabilities is the main objective of the education system. Apart from this education should be made available to every child, though this seems to be a far from attainable goal yet it should be the aim of every country.
We talk a lot about bringing equality and removing poverty. But these drastic social changes can be attained only by improving the quality of education and making it available for the lower-economic classes as well.
Whilst all these we shouldn’t forget that reading books play a major role in the advancement of someone’s knowledge. And a lot of emphasis to be put on the importance of reading books. Good books impact the process of learning in a very positive way.